News & Events
Unusual bacterium found in Mariana Trench
- April 16, 2019
- Posted by: Wiley M. Wagner
- Category: Science
Today, researchers and microbiologists from the University of East Anglia have released a scientific article devoted to examining their very unusual discovery at a depth of 36,000 feet below sea level – this is about finding a fairly dense population of a special bacterium in the Mariana Trench that can effectively destroy and devour hydrocarbons. And hydrocarbons are the main component of various oil-containing substances and materials, as gas and gasoline, which can later lead to a conceptually new type of methodology for studying and using these bacteria in industry.
In fact, this type of oil-feeding bacteria has been known to scientists for quite a long time – it was found in various places on the planet. But what distinguishes the current study from all similar ones is that the same bacteria were found at the very depth of the Mariana Trench, whose depth exceeds the length of Mount Everest, and the depression itself is less studied by scientists than Mars, which lies on the other side of the Sun. system.
Thus, the finding of these bacterial groups capable of destroying hydrocarbons plunged researchers from the UK into considerable surprise, especially since the surrounding conditions of the Mariana Trench are not very suitable for maintaining the life of such highly active bacteria. As the researchers themselves say, it is still too early to talk about any results and conclusions regarding the findings, but they suggest that the presence of these bacteria is primarily due to the fact that they themselves are the product of the vital activity of underwater microorganisms and more creatures.
In addition, at a depth of 19,000 feet, scientists found traces of the presence of active hydrocarbons, mainly on the surface of underwater rocks and stones – which makes it possible in some way to confirm the previous theory that similar microorganisms can be found at even deeper depths. Although this seems rather dubious for the time being, scientists from East Anglia do not give up in their quest and seek to find such evidence.