From animals to whole ecosystems and from building materials to beer recipes, the development of all this disparate and unrelated complex requires the presence and use of special biologically active catalysts that can speed up the process and make it better. Today, biologists from the University of Queensland presented their new article on the analysis of the future biochemistry and the possibility of creating new, more effective catalysts – we are talking mainly about the enzymes contained in ourselves and in living creatures around us. And it also concerns the possibility of creating artificial enzymes.
It is worth noting that at the present stage, the segment of the study of biologically natural enzymes – special protein compounds that play a huge role in the processes of life – is constantly evolving and supplemented every day. However, there is one rather serious difficulty here, which is that the vast majority of enzymes that can be used as catalysts for biochemical processes require a strictly defined “comfortable” temperature for their functioning – this is why Australian researchers focused on the possibility of restoring more ancient forms of modern enzymes, when the Earth was a much hotter and more unfriendly place.
To do this, they used a special set of genetic engineering tools and were able to find the “previous versions” of some of the most effective enzymes – in particular, the bacteria E. Coli.
It is worth noting the fact that so far the research of the team is ongoing and you should not hope for quick results in a short time – however, the very possibility of finding and deriving a more ancient form of natural enzymes is a really promising step towards accelerating various biological processes more efficiently – in including those directly related to the improvement of modern medicine and medical care.