The main problem with using traditional types of fuel substances is that during their reaction they emit a lot of carbon dioxide – which becomes one of the main causes of systematic pollution of air and the atmosphere as a whole. But here the research team from the University of California at the USA presented their new project to replace one of the most important components-catalysts for burning fuel substances with another, more energy-efficient and safe in terms of toxic fumes – and this replacement was iron, which has already passed all the preliminary tests and studies in the context of work.
It is worth noting that initially the problem was the need to convert carbon dioxide to carbon monoxide to reduce the harmful effects of the residual substance – and if earlier particles of such a precious and expensive material as gold acted as a catalyst for the conversion reaction, now experts have suggested replacing it with iron particles. The fact is that they managed to stabilize the behavior and arrangement of iron atoms in the conversion reaction, which in turn allowed them to convert to within 90% accuracy – and this is already becoming a really promising indicator.
Thus, the successes are correlated with the preliminary plans of scientists to create a new synthetic fuel of widespread use, which could satisfy both developers of robotics and space devices, and environmentalists.
Nevertheless, the team of scientists says that it still has a lot of work to do to strengthen this stabilization and in the context of improving the overall approach to the implementation of the reaction. It becomes clear that the replacement of gold particles with iron will not happen on an industrial scale as quickly, however, we can already say that such a change of catalyst becomes the first confident step towards the goal of changing the effects of fuel.