Climate changes that are currently taking place on the planet to a great extent are controlled not only by industrial sources of pollution, but also by livestock and animals – according to statistics, in America alone up to 10% of substances affecting the climate in the face of methane is reproduced for the life processes of livestock. So, a team of specialists from several world universities decided to correct this misunderstanding by proposing a new way to significantly reduce the release of methane as a by-product of their life activity – by changing the intestinal bacterial biome itself.
Scientists took up a careful study of several groups of animals and found that the most at-risk group are sheep – they are the champions in reproducing the largest amount of methane into the atmosphere. Despite the fact that methane in comparison with carbon dioxide is not so voluminous, it is still more dangerous because of its ability to accumulate really a lot of heat. In order to minimize this feature, the team of scientists decided to experiment with changing the intestinal biome in such a way as to reduce methane production.
After lengthy research sessions, they found that they should target specifically bacteria called methanogens – it is they who are responsible for producing methane. By changing the livestock diet in some way, they managed to achieve not only a decrease in the level of methane reproduction, but also generally improve the functioning of such bacteria as ruminococci and clostridia.
And this means that animals can now boast of a generally more enhanced and high-quality immune system and more reliable cell division – due to the fact that their main intestinal biome has been changed to one that does not involve the release of large amounts of methane. However, specialists still have some doubts about the proper selection of experiments, and therefore they are interested in additional sessions.