Today, a talented group of anthropological researchers from Oregon State University presented their new research on a new flower species native to the Cretaceous – thus automatically confirming the theory previously featured in anthropological circles that plant conservation is subject to approximately the same principles and characteristics as preservation of animal tissues. The flowers themselves have already received the rather unusual name Valviloculus pleristaminis and are now being studied in more detail to find any similarities with modern flower and plant cultures.
The flowers themselves are very well preserved due to the fact that all this time it was in a fairly large piece of amber, and, despite its complex structure, scientists are already actively and quite successfully deciphering its phenotype. The flower of Valviloculus pleristaminis has about 50 stamens arranged in a spiral of anthers facing upward, and the stamen itself consists of an anther, a pollen-producing element and a filament, which in turn is a stem that connects the anther to the flower.
Such a complex and ornate design of the flower in one way or another indicates the fact that it is most likely from the Cretaceous period, since it is precisely for this period that such a strong variation in the structures of flower cultures is characteristic. Thus, this means that the flower may be about 100 million years old, which clearly indicates the fact that it lived and grew about 4000 years before the single continent of Gondwana split into several separate ones represented in the current time period.
It is worth noting that the study mainly focuses on the need to identify the relationship of the presented ancient flower with any of the modern flower cultures – since this will solve several questions about the origin at once. On the other hand, the team itself indicates that it needs to carry out some additional preliminary studies in order to further improve the methodological base in the future.
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