Loss of teeth is something really annoying for most adults – while it is typical for children, since they get molars in return for lost teeth, for adults, tooth loss as a result of a genetic or other event may be really out of place. That is why a talented team of Japanese researchers in the field of genetics from Fukui University is interested in the possibility of identifying genes, when stimulated, it will be possible to find a way to grow previously lost teeth – which becomes especially interesting and promising in various injuries and accidents.
The new research project included many different sub-projects that mainly focus on finding specific genes for dental restoration. As a result of such a long search, the team of researchers discovered a special gene called USAG-1 in experimental mice, which lost their teeth as a result of one genetic disease. Scientists have found that stimulation of this gene, expressed in interaction with a specific group of antibodies, can significantly increase the activity of this gene, which ultimately leads to a gradual growth of dental tissue, although not without some side effects.
Among the most common, scientists have so far noted an increased sensitivity of tissue to infection, but with this in the future, the team will definitely be able to work at the proper level. In addition, the team of scientists says that they are going to present some additional aspects regarding the disclosure of all the secrets of this gene.
It is assumed that a similar kind of gene can also be found in humans, but work in this direction is proceeding more slowly than one might expect, since the team of scientists needs some additional testing and research to study and sequence the human genome. However, given such a high level of priority in the study of the genome, there is hardly any doubt that soon certain answers will indeed be found.
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