Today, researchers and microbiology specialists from the University of East Anglia have released a scientific article dedicated to examining their very unusual finding at 36,000 feet below sea level – it's about finding a fairly dense population of a special bacterium in the Mariana Trench that can effectively destroy and devour hydrocarbons. And hydrocarbons are the main component of various oil-containing substances and materials, since gas and gasoline, which can subsequently lead to a conceptually new type of methodology for studying and using these bacteria in industry.
In fact, this type of oil-eating bacteria has been known to scientists for a long time – it was found in different places on the planet. But what distinguishes the current study from all similar ones is that the same bacteria were found at the very depths of the Mariana Trench, whose depth exceeds the length of Mount Everest, and the trough itself has been less studied by scientists than even Mars, lying on the other side of the Sun from us system. Thus, the discovery of these bacterial groups capable of destroying hydrocarbons plunged researchers from the UK in considerable surprise, especially because the surrounding Mariana Trench conditions are not very suitable for maintaining the life of such highly active bacteria.
As the researchers themselves say, it is still too early to talk about any results and conclusions regarding the find, but they suggest that the presence of these bacteria is due primarily to the fact that they themselves are a product of the life of underwater microorganisms and larger creatures.
In addition, at a depth of 19,000 feet, scientists discovered traces of the presence of active hydrocarbons, mainly on the surface of underwater rocks and stones – which allows us to confirm in some way the previous theory that similar microorganisms can be found at even greater depths. Although so far it seems rather doubtful, scientists from East Anglia do not give up their searches and seek to find such evidence.