Carbon fiber is a really promising material that can find its application in various aspects and areas of research activity – in particular, this material is one of the most popular in the automotive industry. However, can carbon fiber, with all its rigidity, become an excellent conductor material and thus improve energy conservation and redistribution? To answer this question, a team of Swedish experts in electrochemistry from Chalmers University in Stockholm undertook their new research.
The basis of the new study was the theory that, with a gradual decrease in the stiffness of the carbon fiber, one can find such an atomic lattice of crystals that would allow the material to begin to demonstrate high electrochemical properties. It is worth noting that there are many different options and varieties of carbon fiber on the market, however, the type that interests Swedish researchers should have sufficient rigidity and at the same time be flexible in terms of electrical conductivity.
They found that the most suitable and ideal carbon fiber atomic lattice should be something like a dense building-up of large crystals connected together at a great distance – such an atomic lattice allows the material to distribute more specific energy with an increase in the total electric voltage. And this becomes the key to improving the electrically conductive properties of carbon fiber.
It is worth noting that, by and large, Swedish experts have come to an accurate understanding of how carbon fiber of medium hardness can be turned into an excellent material in terms of energy distribution – however, the problem is that they must first determine the most reasonable ratio of stiffness and flexibility crystals, and it will take some time before they get to the perfect proportion.