Phosphorus is a very important and noticeable element that plays a huge role in our life, especially in its maintenance. Being one of the six most important substances for maintaining protein life, phosphorus is quite difficult to find outside our solar system, and that is why it has been intensively studied by specialists in the field of chemistry and physics for several decades. Red, white and black phosphorus form an important basis for many electrical and radio devices, however, back in 2014, a team of German chemical experts presented the hypothesis of the existence of the so-called alternative allotrope – blue phosphorus, whose existence began in 2016.
Then a team of German researchers from the Helmholtz Zentrum Research Center was able to synthesize it and test it – then the material began to demonstrate some properties of semiconductors and conductors. But now, in their latest study, experts point out that in their unusual chemical characteristics and methods of interaction with various substrates, blue phosphorus has every chance of becoming a new 2D super-material, ahead of even the world-famous graphene in this vein.
After conducting several tests and evaporating blue phosphorus onto a gold substrate, German scientists found that phosphorus atoms form a kind of close fusion, with a pronounced beehive shape – such an atomic lattice allows the material to demonstrate properties that are almost similar to silicon – which is why blue phosphorus has already been christened a better version of silicon, as it promises a higher level of performance.
At the same time, German experts note that faster dynamic patterns of changes in electron velocity allow the material to demonstrate the remarkable properties of a conductor, which is almost seven times faster than black phosphorus, which is actively used to improve and accelerate the operation of electronic components. So far, experts continue to test new properties of phosphorus, but its nature is already promising in the context of applications in electronics.