The creation of artificial flowers and plants with the aim of absorbing carbon dioxide and then converting it into high-grade oxygen and fuel cells is one of the most interesting and important priorities for the vast majority of material engineering specialists. And today, a team of specialists from the University of Illinois in Chicago, presented its new technical design of such an artificial sheet, which allows you to accurately and precisely absorb carbon dioxide into your structure, and based on artificial photosynthesis, convert it into oxygen and useful elements that can be used as fuel. It is worth noting that the team went to such a technical design for a long time.
The artificial sheet itself by American material engineering specialists is an almost completely accurate repetition of the sheet that can be found in the wild – having a similar structure from a network of polymer families, it is covered with an outer protective layer of a semi-permeable membrane composed mainly of quaternary ammonium resin, which allows this artificial sheet reproduce almost the same properties of this sheet.
The idea here is that when sunlight enters the device, water slowly evaporates from it through the pores, and in its place particles of carbon dioxide are absorbed, which is then converted to carbon monoxide, thanks to the process of artificial photosynthesis. Starting from this technological stage, carbon monoxide itself can be used as a fuel cell or, again, decomposed into liquid and gas. Which, in any case, makes the use of such an artificial leaf and the associated artificial photosynthesis really effective.
Developers say that using such a technical design will significantly increase the efficiency of energy conversion of carbon dioxide into oxygen – which, in terms of the creation of fuel cells, can reduce costs by at least 20%. So it remains to wait for the end of the primary experiments and the start of new ones.