News & Events
A new bacterium identified in the Earth’s atmosphere
- October 10, 2019
- Posted by: Wiley M. Wagner
- Category: Science
The Earth’s atmosphere is something without which no form of life known to us can exist. However, in the atmosphere of our planet there are quite a lot of not too useful and necessary substances, some of which continue to increase in their volumes. In order to minimize the release and distribution of methane in the atmosphere, chemical engineering specialists from the University of Vienna in Austria presented their new development, revolving around the use of a special bacterium that can literally devour huge quantities of methane gas, thereby disarming it and making it less dangerous for living organisms.
Previously, scientists only assumed the presence of such a bacterium that can help eliminate large volumes of methane released into the atmosphere – of course, methane cannot boast an equally high prevalence compared to carbon dioxide, but it has a noticeably greater degree of rapid absorption of heat and some useful elements in atmosphere, which is why experts want to minimize this methane hazard.
As for the bacterium, it was found experimentally during testing sessions of various bacterial compounds, coupled with methane reactions – and it became the bacterium Methylocapsa gorgona, which, in addition to the rapid absorption of methane, also has some other useful properties. For example, it can also regulate the state and volume of nitrogen in the atmosphere, as well as minimize the risk of an increase in carbon dioxide during changes in the chemical component of the atmosphere. However, she only needs oxygen for a full life.
Such a bacterium is likely to become the most promising candidate for use in new types of diets for animals and in the industrial sector, since these two reasons are the largest in the large release of methane gas into the atmosphere. However, so far, scientists from Vienna are interested in maximally stabilizing the state and characteristics of the chemical reaction using this bacterium in their prototype devices.