News & Events
Scientists have established the subtleties of hibernation of bacteria
- September 7, 2019
- Posted by: Wiley M. Wagner
- Category: Science
The battle between antibiotics and viral bacteria continues as hot and difficult as ever – first of all, for researchers who are working on new varieties of antibiotics. Despite the fact that most antibiotics can effectively cope with existing pathogenic bacteria, they are far from always effective against all types of such bacteria. Today, experts have discovered a rather unusual and interesting mechanism of pathogenic bacteria of the E. Coli virus, which have demonstrated the ability to “hibernate” and thus temporarily form tolerance to the effects of antibiotics, making the fight extremely unequal.
Antibiotics are different in their effects and triggers, but by their principle they work almost the same way – they track the phase of development and reproduction of the viral bacterium and then destroy it. Thus, antibiotics work when the bacteria multiplies in the usual way. But what happens when a bacterium instead of breeding enters a state of lethargy? Scientists have found that some strains of the E. Coli virus can fall into such a state that makes them virtually immune to the effects of antibiotics.
However, this does not mean that they become invulnerable in general – after this period of hibernation, they wake up again, continuing to multiply, but at this time the effect of antibiotics is already passing. This may explain why some people continue to suffer from chronic symptoms of certain viral diseases, even after several sessions of antibiotic treatment. Thus, a new question arises for researchers – how to prevent this sleeping state in pathogenic bacteria?
Moreover, in order to understand this, they also need to find out which triggers trigger the process of hibernation of the bacterium. They already managed to achieve some success by finding out that some pathogenic bacteria produce a special enzyme that starts the hibernation process. However, besides him, other factors are involved in the case, which so far remain unclear – researchers are still working on it, so it remains to wait for new reports.